Peter Alexander Lebenslauf einer Schlagerlegende
Peter Alexander, eigentlich Peter Alexander Ferdinand Maximilian Neumayer, war ein österreichischer Sänger, Schauspieler, Pianist, Parodist und Entertainer. Von Mitte der er bis Mitte der er Jahre gehörte er zu den populärsten. Peter Alexander, eigentlich Peter Alexander Ferdinand Maximilian Neumayer (* Juni in Wien; † Februar ebenda), war ein österreichischer. Peter Alexander Ferdinand Maximilian Neumayer (30 June – 12 February ), commonly known as Peter Alexander, was an Austrian actor, singer and. Peter Alexander ist der deutschsprachige Entertainer schlechthin. Ob als Schauspieler, Parodist oder Sänger - Peter Alexander verstand und versteht es, sein. Er war und ist eine Legende: Peter Alexander starb vor neun Jahren, am , im Alter von 84 Jahren. Damit hinterlässt der Sänger und.
Peter Alexander Ferdinand Maximilian Neumayer (30 June – 12 February ), commonly known as Peter Alexander, was an Austrian actor, singer and. Peter Alexander, eigentlich Peter Alexander Ferdinand Maximilian Neumayer, war ein österreichischer Sänger, Schauspieler, Pianist, Parodist und Entertainer. Von Mitte der er bis Mitte der er Jahre gehörte er zu den populärsten. Er war und ist eine Legende: Peter Alexander starb vor neun Jahren, am , im Alter von 84 Jahren. Damit hinterlässt der Sänger und.
The prevailing orthodoxy in the philosophy of science of the s and 60s was logical positivism, a school that derived its account of science from the sensationalism of Ernst Mach.
Such philosophers either rejected explanation outright as a goal for science, arguing that it offers only an economical redescription of the phenomena, or sought to explain explanation as no more than deduction from established empirical generalisations, as in the famous "deductive-nomological" model of Carl Hempel.
Alexander sought both to understand the sources of this conception of science and to show its inadequacy.
In his first book, Sensationalism and Scientific Explanation , Alexander attacked the sensationalist's account of science as failing to do justice to the crucial explanatory role played by theory and thus very often by the postulation of unobservable theoretical entities in scientific explanations worthy of the name.
Alexander's work thus made a contribution to the decline of the positivist orthodoxy in the philosophy of science and its replacement by the doctrines of scientific realism, in which inference to the best explanation plays a crucial role.
In the s, Alexander's attention turned to the philosophy of John Locke. At that time, a strange parody of Locke's views largely derived from George Berkeley's often unfair criticisms was taught to students, who were left with the impression that Locke held an inconsistent and muddled sort of semi-empiricism, hardly worthy of serious philosophical engagement.
Returning to the text of Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Alexander became convinced that Locke's views on many topics had been seriously misrepresented, and were far more coherent and defensible than generally reported.
In a series of important papers Alexander proceeded to set the record straight. On the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, Locke is generally represented as having characterised such qualities as red, hot and sweet as secondary qualities.
When they turn out to be subjective or perceiver-dependent "in the mind", in Berkeley's notorious phrase , we have the beginnings of a slippery slope argument leading to idealism.
But, Alexander reminded us, Locke consistently distinguishes qualities in bodies from ideas in the minds of perceivers.
Red, hot and sweet are mind-dependent, and are therefore not secondary qualities but ideas of secondary qualities. The secondary qualities themselves are perfectly objective powers in bodies to cause those sensations in appropriate observers.
The powers are themselves grounded in objective "textures" arrangements of corpuscles in the bodies.
This reading of Locke both sets him in his proper historical context as a contemporary of Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton and enables us to see the close affiliation between his views and those of later scientific realists.
This argument is most fully presented in the book Ideas, Qualities and Corpuscles: Locke and Boyle on the External World , now accepted as a classic in its field.
After working for some years as a laboratory assistant and assistant chemist in the food industry, he took a BSc in chemistry with physics in from the Regent Street Polytechnic, London now part of the University of Westminster.
In he graduated with a BA in special philosophy from Birkbeck College, London, before getting his first academic post in at Leeds University.
In he moved to Bristol, where he was lecturer , reader and professor This item has been successfully added to your list. Hello New Zealand!
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